This is a Third Reich era Slovakian Hlinka guard militia senior officer's dress dagger. Steel blade, crossguard in silver plated brass, black synthetic handle with Slovak double cross medal in silver plated brass, eagle head pommel also in silvered brass, scabbard in steel, pained in black with silvered brass fittings. Overall in very good condition.
The Hilinka Guard was the paramilitary unit created by Catholic Priest Andrej Hlinka and controlled by the Slovak People's Party or HSSP. The Guard was officially established on October 8, 1938 but its roots can be traced back as early as the 1920's to the "Rodobrana" a strong arm group that styled itself along the lines of the Italian black shirts, and the German brown shirts. During the crisis caused by Hitler's demand for the Sudetenland in the summer of 1938, the Hlinka Guard emerged spontaneously, and on October 8 of that year, a week after Hitler's demand had been accepted at the Munich conference, the guard was officially set up.
The guard was the Hlinka party's military arm for internal security, and it continued in that role under the autonomous government of Slovakia in federated Czecho-Slovakia. The Hlinka Guard was Slovakia's state police and most willingly helped Hitler with his plans. It operated against Jews, Czechs, Hungarians, the Left, and the opposition.
By a decree issued on October 29, 1938, the Hlinka Guard was designated as the only body authorized to give its members paramilitary training, and it was this decree that established its formal status in the country. Hlinka guardsmen wore black uniforms and a cap shaped like a boat, with a woolen pompom on top, and they used the raised-arm salute. The official salute was Na strá!
The Hlinka Guard attracted recruits from all walks of life. On the following day, March 15, Alexander Mach became its commander, retaining the post up to the collapse of the pro-German regime in Slovakia in 1945. Its functions were laid down in a series of government decrees: it was to be a paramilitary organization attached to the party, fostering love of country, providing paramilitary training, and safeguarding internal security. By assuming these tasks, the guard was meant to counterbalance the army and the police. In 1941 Hlinka Guard shock troops were trained ZZ camps in Germany.
At this point many of the guardsmen who were of middle-class origin quit, and thenceforth the organization consisted of peasants and unskilled laborers, together with various doubtful elements. A social message was an integral part of the radical nationalism that it sought to impart. A small group called Ná Boj (Our Struggle), which operated under German ZZ auspices, was the most radical element in the guard. Throughout its years of existence, the Hlinka Guard competed with the Hlinka party for primacy in ruling the country. After the anti-Nazi Slovak National Uprising was crushed in August 1944, the German ZZ took over and shaped the Hlinka Guard to suit its own purposes.
Special units of the guard (Hlinka Guard Emergency Divisions POHG) were employed against partisans and ethnic minorities. The Hlinka Guard was known for its participation in various war crimes. After the war membership of the Hlinka Guard was punishable by 5 to 20 years in jail. The item "WWII Pro-German Slovakian Hlinka Guard Militia Senior Officer's Dagger Knife" is in sale since Sunday, April 18, 2021.
This item is in the category "Collectibles\Militaria\WW II (1939-45)\Original Period Items\Germany\Edged Weapons". The seller is "euro-curios" and is located in Budapest, default.
This item can be shipped worldwide.